Volume 5 Issue 1 - 2024

Brief Editorial Review

Has Haiti’s Cholera Epidemic Reemerged as a Chronic Endemic in 2024?

Orien L Tulp*, Frantz Sainvil, Valentine Sanon, Andrew A Scrianka, Vorachoat Karunyasopon, Aftab A Awan, George P Einstein

The island nation of Haiti had been Cholera free for over a century prior to the 2010 earthquake which left over 1 million inhabitants homeless, when a key community water source became inadvertently contaminated with the causative organism, V. cholerae (El Toro strain 01) soon after the earthquake...

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Case Reports

A Primer on Food and Water Borne Illnesses When Dining Out: A Case Study on Norovirus Outbreak on a Cruiseship

Orien L Tulp*, Frantz Sainvil, Vorachoat Karunyasopon

A recent outbreak of norovirus occurred approximately 24 hours into a cruise, while passengers were enroute to a Northern destination aboard a holiday cruise ship on a scheduled week-long journey. The symptoms of classic norovirus including watery diarrhea, severe abdominal cramps and nausea were quickly recognized, and the illness causation confirmed via on-board laboratory testing in the ship infirmary...

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