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ES Journal of Clinical Medicine

ISSN: 2768-010X

Viruses: Genetically Encoded Alarm Messages for Communication between Individuals

  • Review Article

  • Alejandro Sousa*
  • Department of Urology, Hospital Comarcal de Monforte Lugo, Spain
  • *Corresponding author: Alejandro Sousa, Department of Urology, Hospital Comarcal de Monforte Lugo, Spain
  • Received: May 05, 2020; Accepted: June 01, 2020; Published: June 04, 2020


According to the present alert information theory, viruses are not microorganisms external to our body, but their genetic material is already contained in the DNA/RNA of our cells, in what we know as endogenous retroviruses (ERVs). A virus would actually be an Exogenous Cellular Gene Secretion (ECGS) carrying alert information that would be produced by cells under stress. They are made up of DNA or RNA genes wrapped in a protein capsule and, in some cases, a protective membrane. Such coatings would allow them to withstand the conditions of displacement within the organism, or between different individuals, and possess a form of binding to transmit their information to a specific recipient cell.

Finally, the extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted after the entry of these ECGS in the target cells, would perform, among other functions that of second messengers of the viral message from abroad, defining the immune response of the receptor.


Virus; Exosomes; Extracellular vesicles; Endogenous retrovirus; Genetically encoded messages